Cuman, Not Magyar

Hungary is the land of the Magyars, a Finno-Ugric people who originated in the Urals and migrated westward to settle in what is now Hungary in the 9th century AD. The Hungarian word for Hungary is Magyarország, and modern-day Hungarians are Magyarok. 

Many are of the belief that the Komondor was a Magyar kutya, or dog of the Magyars, but archaeological evidence hints that this Livestock Guardian Dog was actually a dog of the Cumans, a nomadic Turkish people who took refuge and moved to Hungary in 1239 after the Mongol invasion in 1237.The Hungarian name for the Cumans is “Kuns,” and that word is still found in many place names in central Hungary. Not only that, but according to archeologist, András Pálóczi Horváth, the remains of dogs found in Cuman grave sites in Hungary were identified as Komondor skeletons. He posits that the Cumanian origin of the breed is evident in its name: Koman-dor, dog of the Cumans.

Image: Komondor by DJ Rogers – k9artgallery

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